New York: John Wiley & Sons (ebook). Easterly, William. 2001. The Elusive
Quest for Growth: Economists' Adventures and Misadventures in the Tropics.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Goodhand, Jonathan. 2002. “Aiding Violence or
Author: Deborah Avant
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Many view civil wars as violent contests between armed combatants. But history shows that community groups, businesses, NGOs, local governments, and even armed groups can respond to war by engaging in civil action. Characterized by a reluctance to resort to violence and a willingness to show enough respect to engage with others, civil action can slow, delay, or prevent violent escalations. This volume explores how people in conflict environments engage in civil action, and the ways such action has affected violence dynamics in Syria, Peru, Kenya, Northern Ireland, Mexico, Bosnia, Afghanistan, Spain, and Colombia. These cases highlight the critical and often neglected role that civil action plays in conflicts around the world.
Frederick Cooper, Africa since 1940: The Past of the Present (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 2002), 8; Peter Uvin, Aiding Violence: The
Development Enterprise in Rwanda (West Hartford, Conn.: Kumarian Press,
1998), 14–15. 80.
Author: Paul Farmer
Publisher: University of California Press
Bringing together the experience, perspective and expertise of Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, and Arthur Kleinman, Reimagining Global Health provides an original, compelling introduction to the field of global health. Drawn from a Harvard course developed by their student Matthew Basilico, this work provides an accessible and engaging framework for the study of global health. Insisting on an approach that is historically deep and geographically broad, the authors underline the importance of a transdisciplinary approach, and offer a highly readable distillation of several historical and ethnographic perspectives of contemporary global health problems. The case studies presented throughout Reimagining Global Health bring together ethnographic, theoretical, and historical perspectives into a wholly new and exciting investigation of global health. The interdisciplinary approach outlined in this text should prove useful not only in schools of public health, nursing, and medicine, but also in undergraduate and graduate classes in anthropology, sociology, political economy, and history, among others.
Feldman , A . ( 1991 ) Formations of Violence : The narrative of the body and
political terror in Northern Ireland , University of Chicago Press , Chicago , IL .
Fetherstone , A . B . ( 2000 ) ' Peacekeeping , conflict resolution and
peacebuilding : a ...
Author: Jonathan Goodhand
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
As nongovernmental organizations play a growing role in the international response to armed conflict - tasked with mitigating the effects of war and helping to end the violence - there is an acute need for information on the impact they are actually having. Addressing this need, Aiding Peace? explores just how NGOs interact with conflict and peace dynamics, and with what results. Jonathan Goodhand compares the programs of international and national NGOs in seven conflict arenas: Afghanistan, Armenia-Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Moldova, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. His multilevel approach is well grounded in an analysis of the political-economy context of each conflict. His important and perhaps unexpected results point to essential policy and practice changes in the interest of enhanced NGO peacebuilding efforts. Not least, they also highlight the need for a fundamental adjustment of expectations.
Christian admissions about aiding violence are insufficient if they exclusively
dwell on Christian history such as Christian leadership in the rapes and
enslavement of Africans in Africa and the Americas or mass killings of indigenous
Author: Traci C. West
Publisher: NYU Press
How activists in Ghana, South Africa, and Brazil provide inspiration and strategies for combating the gender violence epidemic in the United States How can the U.S. learn from the perspectives of anti-gender violence activists in South America and Africa as we seek to end intimate violence in this country? The U.S. has consistently positioned itself as a moral exemplar, seeking to export its philosophy and values to other societies. Yet in this book, Traci C. West argues that the U.S. has much to learn from other countries when it comes to addressing gender-based violence. West traveled to Ghana, South Africa, and Brazil to interview activists involved in the struggle against gender violence. In each of these places, as in the United States, Christianity and anti-black racism have been implicated in violence against women. In Ghana and Brazil, in particular, their Christian colonial and trans-Atlantic slave trade histories directly connect with the socioeconomic development of the Americas and historic incidents of rape of black slave women. With a transnational focus on religion and racism, West brings a new perspective to efforts to systemically combat gender violence. Calling attention to forms of violence in the U.S. and international settings, such as marital rape, sex trafficking of women and girls, domestic violence, and the targeting of lesbians, the book offers an expansive and nuanced view of how to form activist solidarity in tackling this violence. It features bold and inspiring approaches by black women leaders working in each setting to uproot the myriad forms of violence against women and girls. Ultimately, West calls for us to learn from the lessons of Africana activists, drawing on a defiant Africana spirituality as an invaluable resource in the quest to combat the seemingly chronic problem of gender-based violence.
Legends of People , Myths of State : Violence , Intolerance , and Political Culture
in Sri Lanka and Australia . Washington ... Cultures under Siege : Collective
Violence and Trauma . ... Aiding Violence : The Development Enterprise in
Author: Edna G. Bay
The essayists whose work is collected here -- historians, anthropologists, and political scientists -- bring their diverse disciplinary perspectives to bear on various forms of violence that have plagued recent African history. Exploring violence as part of political economy and rejecting stereotypical explanations of African violence as endemic or natural to African cultures, the essays examine a continent where the boundaries on acceptable force are always shifting and the distinction between violence by the state and against the state is not always clear. Many of the essays address generational tensions through the role of African youth, which in this context is almost exclusively male. The violence perpetrated by young men stems not only from ideologies of masculinity but also from a frustration over both their own unrealized adulthood and the failure of an adult leadership whose interaction with the youth often seems limited to enlisting them in more bloodshed. Other essays examine the temptation in an atmosphere of violence to exploit the malleability of memory to construct, or reconstruct, histories in order to justify the sacrifice and shifts of power brought on by that violence. Wide-ranging but sharply focused, States of Violence takes in power struggles in Sierra Leone, nationalism in postcolonial Zimbabwe, the Bakassi boys of Nigeria, and offers probing examinations of such pivotal events as the Rwandan genocide and the Alexandra Rebellion, shedding new light on the role of each in the drama being played out in this troubled continent. ContributorsWilliam Reno, Northwestern University * Joanna Davidson, Emory University * Daniel Smith, Brown University * Elaine Salo, University of Cape Town * Martha Carey, Emory University * Jocelyn Alexander, Bristol University * Belinda Bozzoli, University of Witswatersrand * Timothy Longman, Vassar College
itself will remove the cause of violence . However , the important work of David
Keen ( 1994 ) and others portrays a more complex picture of the relationship
between poverty , inequality and violence . First , it suggests that the
orchestrators of ...
Author: Joanna Macrae
Publisher: Zed Books
Worldwide more and more governments have begun to buckle under a variety of strains, including the ongoing pressures of economic crisis, followed by structural adjustment programmes, and the impact of declining legitimacy, often resulting in the outbreak of civil war. In this study of aid policy, Joanna Macrae argues that the disintegration of state authority and civil order has created acute problems in aid management. Largely ignored by major aid organizations, insecurity and failures of governance are now the major obstacles to aid reaching those in most need. International aid has traditionally assumed the existence of stable, sovereign states capable of making policy. In a number of developing countries, including post-conflict regimes like Cambodia, Uganda or Kosovo, this is no longer the case. The big donor agencies have usually responded by suspending development aid and substituting some kind of emergency or relief assistance. Now, as the author shows, there are calls to make relief more development-oriented and for it to address the underlying conflicts which causes these crises. But she concludes from her investigations on the ground in a number of countries that relief and development aid are very distinct processes. In the absence of public policy-making authorities, aid becomes highly fragmented, often inadequate in scale, and certainly not capable of building local sustainability for particular programmes. The international aid system, she concludes, faces real dilemmas and remains ill-equipped to respond to the peculiar challenges of quasi-statehood that characterize chronic political emergencies and their aftermath. An important book for policy makers, scholars and students of the development process wrestling with 'real world' issues of aid delivery.
Uvin , P. ( 1998 ) Aiding Violence : The Development Enterprise in Rwanda ,
Bloomfield , CT : Kumarian Press . Van Dijk , T.A. ( 1997a ) ' The Study of
Discourse ' , in T.A. van Dijk ( ed . ) ( 1997 ) Discourse as Structure and Process ,
Author: Laura Shepherd
Publisher: Zed Books
In this highly original poststructural feminist critique, the author maps the discursive terrains of institutions, both NGOs and the UN, which formulate and implement resolutions and guides of practice that affect gender issues in the context of international policy practices. Drawing together theoretical work on discourses of gender violence and international security, sexualized violence in war, gender and peace processes, and the domestic-international dichotomy with her own rigorous empirical investigation, the author develops a compelling discourse-theoretical analysis that promises to have far-reaching impact in both academic and policy environments.
See L. Kuper , The Pity of it All : Polarization of Racial and Ethnic Relations (
Minneapolis : University of Minnesota , 1977 ) , 170 ; Uvin , Aiding Violence , 13.
See also K. Maier , Into the House of the Ancestors : Inside the New Africa ( New
Author: Rajat Ganguly
Ethnic conflicts in various scales and forms are a feature of the post-Cold War international landscape from which no region of the world is completely free. In terms of impact, it has been equally devastating for both developed and developing states. Therefore, there has never been a more appropriate time to study ethnic conflict in all its dimensions. This four-volume collection examines the many facets of ethnic conflict including their causes, consequences and resolution. Volume I - Ethnic Identity includes articles dealing with the various interpretations and meanings of ethnicity and the debate surrounding the formation, persistence and salience of ethnic identity. Volume II - Causes of Ethnic Conflict focuses on causal explanations of ethnic conflict. Volume III - The Consequences of Ethnic Conflict then focuses on the consequences or impacts of ethnic conflict. Finally Volume IV - The Settlement of Ethnic Conflict discusses articles that cover the settlement of ethnic conflict
P. Uvin , Aiding Violence : The Development Enterprise in Rwanda ( West
Harford , Conn .: Kumarian Press , 1998 ) , p . 117 . 13. Uvin , Aiding Violence , p .
128. Uvin pays particular attention to the role of aid in creating or compounding
Author: Gerard McCann
Publisher: Pluto Press (UK)
Development experts question the capacity of governments to regulate markets and harness them to meet social needs.
Some priests opposed those aiding violence by threatening active supporters of
the Volunteers : ' In 1920 / 21 Fr . Geoffrey Prendergast told the people that if they
harboured any column , he wouldn ' t say the stations in their houses . ' 53 51 ...
Author: Joost Augusteijn
Political events in the period between the 1916 Rising and the Truce of 1921 are well documented, but the experience of Volunteers at local level has not been extensively analysed before now. As a result it has so far been impossible to provide a satisfactory explanation for the fact that the IRA was so much more active in the South-west than in other areas. Augusteijn is the first to compare the way in which ordinary people in various parts of the country became involved with the IRA and what they did once they had joined. He examines the interaction on a personal level between the IRA, Crown Forces, and the population of five different counties: Derry, Dublin, Mayo, Tipperary and Wexford, and concludes that the form this interaction took played a crucial role in the extent to which violence was used. He thus provides an insight into the reasons why some young men became increasingly willing to use violence, and offers a new explanation for the dominance of south-western units in the War of Independence, on the basis of their actual experiences. He then reappraises the impact of the less well known units in the North, East and West which have so far been widely ignored. This book uses only original sources (many previously unused) including police reports, internal IRA communications and many reminiscences as well as the large number of interviews with rank-and-file Volunteers carried out by the author.