A New Kind of ScienceA New Kind of Science



""This book promises to revolutionize science as,we know it"" - Daily Telegraph,""Stephen's magnum opus may be the book of the,decade if not the century"" - Arthur C Clarke,Long-awaited work from one of the world's most,respected scientists ...

Author: Stephen Wolfram

Publisher: Wolfram Media Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015058985923

Category:

Page: 1197

View: 846

""This book promises to revolutionize science as,we know it"" - Daily Telegraph,""Stephen's magnum opus may be the book of the,decade if not the century"" - Arthur C Clarke,Long-awaited work from one of the world's most,respected scientists presents a series of dramatic,discoveries never before made public. Starting,with a collection of computer experiments, Wolfram,shows how their unexpected results force a,whole new way of looking at the universe. A,seminal work of enormous importance. Includes over,950 illustrations. BBC documentary in development.

A New Kind of ScienceA New Kind of Science



STEPHEN WOLFRAM , FOUNDER AND CEO , WOLFRAM RESEARCH , INC . , AND AUTHOR OF A NEW KIND OF SCIENCE Dr. WOLFRAM . Thank you . And thanks very much for inviting me here today . Nearly four centuries ago , Galileo turned a telescope to the ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D03619090J

Category:

Page: 27

View: 944

A New Kind of ScienceA New Kind of Science



High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! A New Kind of Science is a best-selling, award-winning, controversial book by Stephen Wolfram, published in 2002.

Author: Ronald Cohn

Publisher: Book on Demand Limited

ISBN: 5509134461

Category:

Page: 80

View: 374

High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! A New Kind of Science is a best-selling, award-winning, controversial book by Stephen Wolfram, published in 2002. It contains an empirical and systematic study of computational systems such as cellular automata. Wolfram calls these systems simple programs and argues that the scientific philosophy and methods appropriate for the study of simple programs are relevant to other fields of science. Dannoe izdanie predstavlyaet soboj kompilyatsiyu svedenij, nahodyaschihsya v svobodnom dostupe v srede Internet v tselom, i v informatsionnom setevom resurse "Vikipediya" v chastnosti. Sobrannaya po chastotnym zaprosam ukazannoj tematiki, dannaya kompilyatsiya postroena po printsipu podbora blizkih informatsionnyh ssylok, ne imeet samostoyatelnogo syuzheta, ne soderzhit nikakih analiticheskih materialov, vyvodov, otsenok moralnogo, eticheskogo, politicheskogo, religioznogo i mirovozzrencheskogo haraktera v otnoshenii glavnoj tematiki, predstavlyaya soboj isklyuchitelno faktologicheskij material.

A New Kind of Computational BiologyA New Kind of Computational Biology



So drug development got a new impetus to fight against such deadly diseases for the survival of human society. The commercial aspect of the discovery of new drugs can also be found to be a strong motivator for the study of life sciences ...

Author: Parimal Pal Chaudhuri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811316395

Category:

Page: 335

View: 542

This book reflects more than three decades of research on Cellular Automata (CA), and nearly a decade of work on the application of CA to model biological strings, which forms the foundation of 'A New Kind of Computational Biology' pioneered by the start-up, CARLBio. After a brief introduction on Cellular Automata (CA) theory and functional biology, it reports on the modeling of basic biological strings with CA, starting with the basic nucleotides leading to codon and anti-codon CA models. It derives a more involved CA model of DNA, RNA, the entire translation process for amino acid formation and the evolution of protein to its unique structure and function. In subsequent chapters the interaction of Proteins with other bio-molecules is also modeled. The only prior knowledge assumed necessary is an undergraduate knowledge of computer programming and biology. The book adopts a hands-on, “do-it-yourself” approach to enable readers to apply the method provided to derive the CA rules and comprehend how these are related to the physical ‘rules’ observed in biology. In a single framework, the authors have presented two branches of science – Computation and Biology. Instead of rigorous molecular dynamics modeling, which the authors describe as a Bottoms-Up model, or relying on the Top-Down new age Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Language (ML) that depends on extensive availability of quality data, this book takes the best from both the Top-Down and Bottoms-up approaches and establishes how the behavior of complex molecules is represented in CA. The CA rules are derived from the basic knowledge of molecular interaction and construction observed in biological world but mapped to a few subset of known results to derive and predict results. This book is useful for students, researchers and industry practitioners who want to explore modeling and simulation of the physical world complex systems from a different perspective. It raises the inevitable the question – ‘Are life and the universe nothing but a collection of continuous systems processing information’.

Irreducibility and Computational EquivalenceIrreducibility and Computational Equivalence



" -- Dr. Mark Changizi "I believe that this book will be an inspiration for future work in interdisciplinary research at the intersection of computer science, natural and social sciences." -- Prof. Ivan Zelinka

Author: Hector Zenil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642442579

Category:

Page: 360

View: 718

It is clear that computation is playing an increasingly prominent role in the development of mathematics, as well as in the natural and social sciences. The work of Stephen Wolfram over the last several decades has been a salient part in this phenomenon helping founding the field of Complex Systems, with many of his constructs and ideas incorporated in his book A New Kind of Science (ANKS) becoming part of the scientific discourse and general academic knowledge--from the now established Elementary Cellular Automata to the unconventional concept of mining the Computational Universe, from today's widespread Wolfram's Behavioural Classification to his principles of Irreducibility and Computational Equivalence. This volume, with a Foreword by Gregory Chaitin and an Afterword by Cris Calude, covers these and other topics related to or motivated by Wolfram's seminal ideas, reporting on research undertaken in the decade following the publication of Wolfram's NKS book. Featuring 39 authors, its 23 contributions are organized into seven parts: Mechanisms in Programs & Nature Systems Based on Numbers & Simple Programs Social and Biological Systems & Technology Fundamental Physics The Behavior of Systems & the Notion of Computation Irreducibility & Computational Equivalence Reflections and Philosophical Implications.

Generative Complexity in a Complex Generative WorldGenerative Complexity in a Complex Generative World



To build a new science for the Age of Complexity demands for a fundamental and foundational transition of science into a new kind of science (cf. Nowotny, 2013, 2016; KNAW, 2017; and Durston & Baggerman, 2017). This implies not only a ...

Author: Ton Jörg

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030904098

Category:

Page: 119

View: 556

This book introduces a refreshing approach to twenty-first-century scientific approach in an age, which is also known as the Century of Complexity. It deals with the deep problem of complexity, being operative from the bottom-up. The current lack of understanding of complexity has led scholars into the so-called embarrassment of complexity. A long overdue paradigm shift is necessary to address complexity as generative complexity and brings readers to the edge of a scientific revolution: that is, a generative revolution in the Century of Complexity. The book offers a radical shift of paradigm from the paradigm of simplifying into the new generative paradigm of complexifying about processes that develop from the bottom-up. The book links complex generative reality with a corresponding radical new generative nature of order and explores new fronts in science. This book explores innovative concepts of interaction, of causality, of the unit of study, and of reality itself and enables readers to see complexity as generative, emergent complexity as being operative from the bottom-up. The book discusses and suggests solutions for the problem of complexity in this Century of Complexity. The author provides a new understanding of complexity based on a generative flux of forces and relations. The book aims to bring about a fundamental and foundational change in how we view and ‘do’ science for an interdisciplinary audience of academics ranging from social science and humanities to economy and biology.

The Metaphysics of Science and Aim Oriented EmpiricismThe Metaphysics of Science and Aim Oriented Empiricism



All this leads, I discovered, to a new conception of science, and a new kind of science, which explicitly acknowledges the profoundly problematic aims of science and seeks to improve aims and associated methods, as science proceeds.

Author: Nicholas Maxwell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030041434

Category:

Page: 228

View: 670

This book gives an account of work that I have done over a period of decades that sets out to solve two fundamental problems of philosophy: the mind-body problem and the problem of induction. Remarkably, these revolutionary contributions to philosophy turn out to have dramatic implications for a wide range of issues outside philosophy itself, most notably for the capacity of humanity to resolve current grave global problems and make progress towards a better, wiser world. A key element of the proposed solution to the first problem is that physics is about only a highly specialized aspect of all that there is – the causally efficacious aspect. Once this is understood, it ceases to be a mystery that natural science says nothing about the experiential aspect of reality, the colours we perceive, the inner experiences we are aware of. That natural science is silent about the experiential aspect of reality is no reason whatsoever to hold that the experiential does not objectively exist. A key element of the proposed solution to the second problem is that physics, in persistently accepting unified theories only, thereby makes a substantial metaphysical assumption about the universe: it is such that a unified pattern of physical law runs through all phenomena. We need a new conception, and kind, of physics that acknowledges, and actively seeks to improve, metaphysical presuppositions inherent in the methods of physics. The problematic aims and methods of physics need to be improved as physics proceeds. These are the ideas that have fruitful implications, I set out to show, for a wide range of issues: for philosophy itself, for physics, for natural science more generally, for the social sciences, for education, for the academic enterprise as a whole and, most important of all, for the capacity of humanity to learn how to solve the grave global problems that menace our future, and thus make progress to a better, wiser world. It is not just science that has problematic aims; in life too our aims, whether personal, social or institutional, are all too often profoundly problematic, and in urgent need of improvement. We need a new kind of academic enterprise which helps humanity put aims-and-methods improving meta-methods into practice in personal and social life, so that we may come to do better at achieving what is of value in life, and make progress towards a saner, wiser world. This body of work of mine has met with critical acclaim. Despite that, astonishingly, it has been ignored by mainstream philosophy. In the book I discuss the recent work of over 100 philosophers on the mind-body problem and the metaphysics of science, and show that my earlier, highly relevant work on these issues is universally ignored, the quality of subsequent work suffering as a result. My hope, in publishing this book, is that my fellow philosophers will come to appreciate the intellectual value of my proposed solutions to the mind-body problem and the problem of induction, and will, as a result, join with me in attempting to convince our fellow academics that we need to bring about an intellectual/institutional revolution in academic inquiry so that it takes up its proper task of helping humanity learn how to solve problems of living, including global problems, and make progress towards as good, as wise and enlightened a world as possible.

Groundwork for a New Kind of African MetaphysicsGroundwork for a New Kind of African Metaphysics



For me, this route to building a plausible African metaphysics is necessary, if one must move the discipline forward, ... Even more disconcerting is the desire to ignore scientific facts on the basis of the inability of science to ...

Author: Aribiah David Attoe

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030911096

Category:

Page:

View: 569

MathematicsMathematics



2002 Wolfram self-publishes A New Kind of Science 2003 Wolfram organizes conferences and classes on A New Kind of Science Further Reading Books Wolfram, Stephen. Cellular Automata and Complexity: Collected Papers. Reading, Mass.

Author: Harry Henderson

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 9780816057504

Category:

Page: 170

View: 318

Discusses mathematics and how it plans an intricate part of daily life rather than an isolated science.