A Grammar of Southern Unami Delaware Lenape A Grammar of Southern Unami Delaware Lenape



This grammar of the Southern Unami language describes the phonology, the inflectional and derivational morphology, and some aspects of sentence and discourse structure.

Author: Ives Goddard

Publisher:

ISBN: 0990334430

Category:

Page: 226

View: 676

This grammar of the Southern Unami language describes the phonology, the inflectional and derivational morphology, and some aspects of sentence and discourse structure. It does not include a formal treatment of syntax. The treatment of these topics in Delaware Verbal Morphology (Goddard 1979) has been entirely recast, and there are now sections on additional topics that substantially fill out the description of this often complex and idiosyncratic Algonquian language. The facts are presented discursively in small modules with examples. The phonemic transcription has been improved by distinguishing /sg/, /?g/, and /xg/ from /s/, /?/ and /x/ between vowels and after /n/. and by greater consistency in writing the contrast between /o/ and /u/, especially before /w/.The extensive phonological alternations are illustrated with examples of morphological contexts in which they characteristically appear. Static words, syllables, and segments (which have short phonemes inconsistent with the more usual phonological patterns) are treated. The inflection of nouns, pronouns, and verbs is described and illustrated with extensive paradigms, and particles, including enclitics, are treated. The processes of stem derivation are outlined for primary stems and for secondary stems (those derived from another stem). The types of reduplication are described. Several kinds of compounds are distinguished and illustrated. The basic facts of sentence structure are presented, including the function of absolute and objective transitive verbs (to mark distinctions of definiteness) and the use of oblique complements and adjuncts. Other features discussed include verbless sentences, participles (relative clauses), focus-fronting, discontinuous constituents, and gapping. Southern Unami is the heritage language of the Delaware Tribe of Indians (Bartlesville, Okla.) and the Delaware Nation of Western Oklahoma (Anadarko).

A Glossary to the Delaware Publications of Ira D BlanchardA Glossary to the Delaware Publications of Ira D Blanchard



This is a companion volume to the editions of Ira D. Blanchard's books that document the Southern Unami dialect of the Delaware language (Lenape; ISO code unm) as spoken in the years from 1834 to 1842: A Harmony of the Four Gospels in ...

Author: Miles Beckwith

Publisher:

ISBN: 0990334473

Category:

Page: 294

View: 446

This is a companion volume to the editions of Ira D. Blanchard's books that document the Southern Unami dialect of the Delaware language (Lenape; ISO code unm) as spoken in the years from 1834 to 1842: A Harmony of the Four Gospels in Delaware (Goddard 2021a) and The Delaware (Lenape) Primers of Ira D. Blanchard (Goddard and Beckwirh 2021). It is designed to be used with A Grammar of Southern Unami Delaware (Lenape) (Goddard 2021b). The glossary includes virtually all the words from Blanchard's texts. For each word, a representative sample of forms is given with definitions, grammatical information, and text locations, as well as references to other sources on the Delaware language. Southern Unami is the heritage language of the Delaware Tribe of Indians (Bartlesville, Okla.) and the Delaware Nation of Western Oklahoma (Anadarko).

Algonquian SpiritAlgonquian Spirit



... in the Southern Unami dialect of Lenape that he had studied and did not consult Zeisberger's Grammar and other ... Delaware text with another word (one found in all the Lenape dialects) bearing the same meaning—sakkweel ntam, ...

Author: Brian Swann

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803205338

Category:

Page: 532

View: 275

When Europeans first arrived on this continent, Algonquian languages were spoken from the northeastern seaboard through the Great Lakes region, across much of Canada, and even in scattered communities of the American West. The rich and varied oral tradition of this Native language family, one of the farthest-flung in North America, comes brilliantly to life in this remarkably broad sampling of Algonquian songs and stories from across the centuries. Ranging from the speech of an early unknown Algonquian to the famous Walam Olum hoax, from retranslations of "classic" stories to texts appearing here for the first time, these are tales written or told by Native storytellers, today as in the past, as well as oratory, oral history, and songs sung to this day. An essential introduction and captivating guide to Native literary traditions still thriving in many parts of North America, Algonquian Spirit contains vital background information and new translations of songs and stories reaching back to the seventeenth century. Drawing from Arapaho, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Cree, Delaware, Maliseet, Menominee, Meskwaki, Miami-Illinois, Mi'kmaq, Naskapi, Ojibwe, Passamaquoddy, Potawatomi, and Shawnee, the collection gathers a host of respected and talented singers, storytellers, historians, anthropologists, linguists, and tribal educators, both Native and non-Native, from the United States and Canada--all working together to orchestrate a single, complex performance of the Algonquian languages.

Papers of the Forty Second Algonquian ConferencePapers of the Forty Second Algonquian Conference



The Delaware languages are comprised of Munsee and Unami (or Lenape), which are mutually unintelligible (Mithun 1999:331). The three dialects of Unami are Northern Unami, Southern Unami, and Unalachtigo. These dialects were originally ...

Author: J. Randolph Valentine

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438453736

Category:

Page: 301

View: 469

Papers of the forty-second Algonquian Conference held at Memorial University of Newfoundland in October 2010. The papers of the Algonquian Conference have long served as the primary source of peer-reviewed scholarship addressing topics related to the languages and societies of Algonquian peoples. Contributions, which are peer-reviewed submissions presented at the annual conference, represent an assortment of humanities and social science disciplines, including archeology, cultural anthropology, history, ethnohistory, linguistics, literary studies, Native studies, social work, film, and countless others. Both theoretical and descriptive approaches are welcomed, and submissions often provide previously unpublished data from historical and contemporary sources, or novel theoretical insights based on firsthand research. The research is commonly interdisciplinary in scope and the papers are filled with contributions presenting fresh research from a broad array of researchers and writers. These papers are essential reading for those interested in Algonquian world views, cultures, history, and languages. They build bridges among a large international group of people who write in different disciplines. Scholars in linguistics, anthropology, history, education, and other fields are brought together in one vital community, thanks to these publications.

The Languages of Native North AmericaThe Languages of Native North America



To the southofthe Munsee in southern NewJersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, were the Unami dialects, or Lenape, from their name for ... Major published works, all from the late 18th century, are Zeisberger's grammarand dictionary(1827, ...

Author: Marianne Mithun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107392809

Category:

Page:

View: 792

This book provides an authoritative survey of the several hundred languages indigenous to North America. These languages show tremendous genetic and typological diversity, and offer numerous challenges to current linguistic theory. Part I of the book provides an overview of structural features of particular interest, concentrating on those that are cross-linguistically unusual or unusually well developed. These include syllable structure, vowel and consonant harmony, tone, and sound symbolism; polysynthesis, the nature of roots and affixes, incorporation, and morpheme order; case; grammatical distinctions of number, gender, shape, control, location, means, manner, time, empathy, and evidence; and distinctions between nouns and verbs, predicates and arguments, and simple and complex sentences; and special speech styles. Part II catalogues the languages by family, listing the location of each language, its genetic affiliation, number of speakers, major published literature, and structural highlights. Finally, there is a catalogue of languages that have evolved in contact situations.

An Ancient New Jersey Indian JargonAn Ancient New Jersey Indian Jargon



The necessity of communication between these natives and European colonists inspired the creation of a Delaware ... Most of the vocabulary of the Jersey jargon comes from the Southern Unami dialect of Delaware, originally spoken in the ...

Author: Dyneley J. Prince

Publisher: Arx Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9781889758831

Category:

Page: 57

View: 789

From an anonymous manuscript entitled the "Indian Interpreter" found in the office of the Secretary of State at Trenton, New Jersey, this 261 word vocabulary was taken from Salem County, NJ and is dated to 1684. This version is reprinted from a 1904 article edited by J. Dyneley Prince, who provides detailed explanations of the words and comparisons with other Delaware/Lenape vocabularies. Also includes Gabriel Thomas' Discourses in the Delaware jargon (41 entries), and new to this expanded edition are 23 terms from Peter Lindeström's Geographia Americae.

Atlas of the World s LanguagesAtlas of the World s Languages



See Diegueño extensive data between 1933 and 1939 and published a grammar, a grammatical sketch, a dictionary, ... Unami (Oklahoma Delaware, Lenape) [58] was an Eastern Algonquian language originally spoken in several dialects in ...

Author: R.E. Asher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317851097

Category:

Page: 416

View: 137

Before the first appearance of the Atlas of the World's Languages in 1993, all the world's languages had never been accurately and completely mapped. The Atlas depicts the location of every known living language, including languages on the point of extinction. This fully revised edition of the Atlas offers: up-to-date research, some from fieldwork in early 2006 a general linguistic history of each section an overview of the genetic relations of the languages in each section statistical and sociolinguistic information a large number of new or completely updated maps further reading and a bibliography for each section a cross-referenced language index of over 6,000 languages. Presenting contributions from international scholars, covering over 6,000 languages and containing over 150 full-colour maps, the Atlas of the World's Languages is the definitive reference resource for every linguistic and reference library.

Delaware Indian Language of 1824Delaware Indian Language of 1824



This is the dialect of Lenape that was spoken in the southern half of New Jersey, southeastern Pennsylvania, and Delaware.

Author: C. C. Trowbridge

Publisher: Evolution Pub & Manufacturing

ISBN: 1935228064

Category:

Page: 314

View: 497

In 1823, a man named Charles C. Trowbridge went to Indiana Territory on an assignment from Governor Lewis Cass of the Michigan Territory. His mission was to obtain the answers to a list of questions pertaining to the Lenape or Delaware language. After only two and a half months, Trowbridge collected over 280 pages of handwritten information, making the first full-fledged treatment of Southern Unami, the dialect spoken by the two groups still existing in Oklahoma today. This is the dialect of Lenape that was spoken in the southern half of New Jersey, southeastern Pennsylvania, and Delaware. After almost two centuries, Delaware Indian language scholar James A. Rementer has now edited and published Trowbridge's extremely thorough study in full. With well over a hundred pages devoted to verb forms alone, and extended word-by-word analyses of texts such as the Lord's Prayer and common phrases, Trowbridge's work serves not only as a detailed grammar but also as an invaluable cultural record from a time when the Lenape community was on its journey from the Mid-Atlantic toward the west. Rementer's extensive introductory material puts in context the historical forces that went into producing this text, with a biography of Captain Pipe, one of Trowbridge's main Indian informants. Contributions by Lenape scholar Bruce Pearson and Timothy Crumrin round out the picture with biographies of Trowbridge himself and William Conner.

Encyclopedia of the World s Endangered LanguagesEncyclopedia of the World s Endangered Languages



The language has been extensively documented by Hill, who prepared a full grammar. ... Delaware (Lenape) [50, 51] is an Eastern Algonquian dialect complex, originally spoken along the Hudson and Delaware Rivers, and in southern New ...

Author: Christopher Moseley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135796402

Category:

Page: 670

View: 470

The concern for the fast-disappearing language stocks of the world has arisen particularly in the past decade, as a result of the impact of globalization. This book appears as an answer to a felt need: to catalogue and describe those languages, making up the vast majority of the world's six thousand or more distinct tongues, which are in danger of disappearing within the next few decades. Endangerment is a complex issue, and the reasons why so many of the world's smaller, less empowered languages are not being passed on to future generations today are discussed in the book's introduction. The introduction is followed by regional sections, each authored by a notable specialist, combining to provide a comprehensive listing of every language which, by the criteria of endangerment set out in the introduction, is likely to disappear within the next few decades. These languages make up ninety per cent of the world's remaining language stocks. Each regional section comprises an introduction that deals with problems of language preservation peculiar to the area, surveys of known extinct languages, and problems of classification. The introduction is followed by a list of all known languages within the region, endangered or not, arranged by genetic affiliation, with endangered and extinct languages marked. This listing is followed by entries in alphabetical order covering each language listed as endangered. Useful maps are provided to pinpoint the more complex clusters of smaller languages in every region of the world. The Encyclopedia therefore provides in a single resource: expert analysis of the current language policy situation in every multilingual country and on every continent, detailed descriptions of little-known languages from all over the world, and clear alphabetical entries, region by region, of all the world's languages currently thought to be in danger of extinction. The Encyclopedia of the World’s Endangered Languages will be a necessary addition to all academic linguistics collections and will be a useful resource for a range of readers with an interest in development studies, cultural heritage and international affairs.

The Lenape and Their Legends with the Complete Text and Symbols of the Walam OlumThe Lenape and Their Legends with the Complete Text and Symbols of the Walam Olum



This comprehensive work compiles a brief history of the Lenape people along with their legends, literature, language and various historical sketches of the people native to the Delaware region.

Author: Daniel Garrison Brinton

Publisher: Philadelphia : D.G. Brinton

ISBN: OXFORD:590117276

Category:

Page: 262

View: 932

This comprehensive work compiles a brief history of the Lenape people along with their legends, literature, language and various historical sketches of the people native to the Delaware region.