A Grammar of NgardiA Grammar of Ngardi



First are recordings of unprompted conversation between predominantly Ngardi and/or Kukatja women. For these recordings, Cataldi was absent. A subset of these are conversations recorded while women were playing cards.

Author: Thomas Ennever

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110752434

Category:

Page: 795

View: 763

Ngardi is a highly endangered language with fewer than 10 remaining speakers and is no longer being acquired by children. Despite the limited circulation of a draft dictionary (Cataldi, 2011), there has been no published reference grammar of this language. Upon publication, this work will constitute the most comprehensive grammar of any Ngumpin-Yapa language. The Ngardi language exhibits many of the same typologically interesting features first identified in the related language Warlpiri—namely phenomena of non-configurational syntax and null anaphora. This grammar also brings to light a number of unique properties which will be of interest to linguistic typologists and formal theorists. The registration of arguments both through case marking on free NPs as well as in pronominal enclitics is similar to Warlpiri but differs in its detail—particularly in the ability to register various non-core cases (e.g. locative and allative) as ‘arguments’ in the pronominal complex. Within the verbal system, Ngardi is notably for a large number of verbal inflections (~20) which mark various distinctions in tense, aspect and mood, as well as associated motion and speaker-centric directionality. Ngardi exhibits a highly articulated system of complex predication, covering both complex verb and serial verb constructions. Other typologically interesting aspects of the language include the presence of dedicated apprehensional constructions and interesting interactions between negation and clausal modality. The descriptive value of this grammar is enhanced by its sustained regional comparison of the linguistic features of Ngardi with those of neighbouring Ngumpin-Yapa and Western Desert languages. This grammar (and a forthcoming dictionary) of Ngardi will be of great significance to both those few remaining Ngardi speakers as well as the next generation of Ngardi people for whom accessible published materials will be an invaluable resource.

A Grammar of GurindjiA Grammar of Gurindji



Gurindji has a two-way distinction between subject and non-subject pronouns, which is similar to Bilinarra and Ngarinyman. Other Ngumpin languages such as Wanyjirra, Jaru and Ngardi have an additional locational series (Ennever, 2021, ...

Author: Felicity Meakins

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110746884

Category:

Page: 778

View: 913

Gurindji is a Pama-Nyungan language of north-central Australia. It is a member of the Ngumpin subgroup which forms a part of the Ngumpin-Yapa group. The phonology is typically Pama-Nyungan; the phoneme inventory contains five places of articulation for stops which have corresponding nasals. It also has three laterals, two rhotics and three vowels. There are no fricatives and, among the stops, voicing is not phonemically distinctive. One striking morpho-phonological process is a nasal cluster dissimilation (NCD) rule. Gurindji is morphologically agglutinative and suffixing, exhibiting a mix of dependent-marking and head-marking. Nominals pattern according to an ergative system and bound pronouns show an accusative pattern. Gurindji marks a further 10 cases. Free and bound pronouns distinguish person (1st inclusive and exclusive, 2nd and 3rd) and three numbers (minimal, unit augmented and augmented). The Gurindji verb complex consists of an inflecting verb and coverb. Inflecting verbs belong to a closed class of 34 verbs which are grammatically obligatory. Coverbs form an open class, numbering in the hundreds and carrying the semantic weight of the complex verb.

A Grammar of BilinarraA Grammar of Bilinarra



... Jaru (Tsunoda 1981), Nyininy, Ngardi (Cataldi n.d.) and Walmajarri (Hudson 1978; Hudson and Richards 1978). ... The materials on which this grammatical description is based were collected from the last first-language speakers, ...

Author: Felicity Meakins

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9781614512745

Category:

Page: 558

View: 382

This volume provides the first comprehensive description of Bilinarra, a Pama-Nyungan language of the Victoria River District of the Northern Territory (Australia). Bilinarra is a highly endangered language with only one speaker remaining in 2012 and no child learners. The materials on which this grammatical description is based were collected by the authors over a 20 year period from the last first-language speakers of the language, most of whom have since passed away. Bilinarra is a member of the Ngumpin subgroup of Pama-Nyungan which forms a part of the Ngumpin-Yapa family, which also includes Warlpiri. It is non-configurational, with nominals commonly omitted, arguments cross-referenced by pronominal clitics and word order grammatically free and largely determined by information structure. In this grammatical description much attention is paid to its morphosyntax, including case morphology, the pronominal clitic system and complex predicates. A particular strength of the volume is the provision of sound files for example sentences, allowing the reader access to the language itself.

A Grammar of WardamanA Grammar of Wardaman



... waste nganyngany , NADJ : sharp , pointed ngardab ( a ) , PAR : be hot , Aux yanangardan , N : small antbed , see jarrulu , mardumardu ngardi :: . , INT : good job ! s . also gogo ::: ngardung , NADJ : middle one , junior one ( with ...

Author: Francesca Merlan

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110129426

Category:

Page: 617

View: 817

The series builds an extensive collection of high quality descriptions of languages around the world. Each volume offers a comprehensive grammatical description of a single language together with fully analyzed sample texts and, if appropriate, a word list and other relevant information which is available on the language in question. There are no restrictions as to language family or area, and although special attention is paid to hitherto undescribed languages, new and valuable treatments of better known languages are also included. No theoretical model is imposed on the authors; the only criterion is a high standard of scientific quality.

A Grammar of the Adamawa Dialect of the Fulani Language Fulfulde A Grammar of the Adamawa Dialect of the Fulani Language Fulfulde



... fall . sāmande , time or occasion of falling . yāda , go together . yādande wõre , lit. one going = all together . be ngardi warande wõre , they came all together . be ngardi sa'ire wõre , they came at the same time . yara , drink .

Author: Frank William Taylor

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015011551135

Category:

Page: 124

View: 810

Sourcebook for Central Australian LanguagesSourcebook for Central Australian Languages



NGARI ( NGARNI ) 23 24 NUARI ( NGARDI ) 2. ... Grammar or sketch grammar : None . 8 . ... Names of the language , and different spellings that have been used : Ngardi ( O'G'RLS ) Ngari ( Wafer ) Ngadi ( AC ) ' Ngati ( Joyce Hudson ) 10.

Author: David Nash

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105039592220

Category:

Page: 179

View: 848

General information, bibliography and E-L 150-word list for; Adnyamathanha, Alawa, Alyawarra, Anmajirra, Antekerrepenh, Arabana, Aranda, Diyari, Gurindji, Jaru, Jingilu, Karawa, Kaytej, Kriol, Kukatja, Kutanji, Malngin, Mudbura, Ngaanyatjarra, Ngari, Ngarinman, Ngarnji, Nyininy, Pilinara, Pintupi, Pitjantjatjara, Pitta-pitta, Wakaya, Walmathari, Wampaya, Wangkanguru, Wanyi, Warlmanpa, Warlpiri, Warluwara, Warumungu, Yandruwandha, Yankunytjatjara, Yanyuwa; notes on Aboriginal English, Antikirinya, Mantjintja, Ngaatjatjara, Ngalea, Wailpi, Wangkamala.

Handbook of Kimberley Languages General informationHandbook of Kimberley Languages General information



8.18 Ngardi / Ngarti 1 Names of the language and different spellings that have been used : Ngardi ( O'Grady ... 6 Word lists : Capell ( 1952 ) , Tindale ( 1952-1954 ) , Wafer ( 1980 ) 7 Textual material : None 8 Grammar or sketch ...

Author: William McGregor

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106019313961

Category:

Page: 276

View: 655

Formal Studies in Slovenian SyntaxFormal Studies in Slovenian Syntax



Ute Reference Grammar [Culture and Language Use 3]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi:10.1075/clu.3 Golden ... The Syntax-semantics Interface in Yaqui Complex Sentences: A Role and Reference Grammar Analysis. ... Topic and Focus in Ngardi.

Author: Franc Lanko Marušič

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266286

Category:

Page: 335

View: 322

Although in the early days of generative linguistics Slovenian was rarely called on in the development of theoretical models, the attention it gets has subsequently grown, so that by now it has contributed to generative linguistics a fair share of theoretically important data. With 13 chapters that all build on Slovenian data, this book sets a new milestone. The topics discussed in the volume range from Slovenian clitics, which are called on to shed new light on the intriguing Person-Case Constraint and to provide part of the evidence for a new generalization relating the presence of the definite article and Wackernagel clitics, to functional elements such as the future auxiliary and possibility modals, the latter of which are discussed also from the perspective of language change. Even within the relatively well-researched topics like wh-movement, new findings are presented, both in relation to the structure of the left periphery and to the syntax of relative clauses.

The Oxford Handbook of Derivational MorphologyThe Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology



Ngardi Vocabulary and Notes. Canberra: AIATSIS. ... A Grammar of Spoken Chinese. Berkeley: University of California Press. ... Two deaf fishermen: a Klallam story told by Thomas Charles, with glossing and grammatical notes.

Author: Rochelle Lieber

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191651779

Category:

Page: 768

View: 406

The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology is intended as a companion volume to The Oxford Handbook of Compounding (OUP 2009) Written by distinguished scholars, its 41 chapters aim to provide a comprehensive and thorough overview of the study of derivational morphology. The handbook begins with an overview and a consideration of definitional matters, distinguishing derivation from inflection on the one hand and compounding on the other. From a formal perspective, the handbook treats affixation (prefixation, suffixation, infixation, circumfixation, etc.), conversion, reduplication, root and pattern and other templatic processes, as well as prosodic and subtractive means of forming new words. From a semantic perspective, it looks at the processes that form various types of adjectives, adverbs, nouns, and verbs, as well as evaluatives and the rarer processes that form function words. The book also surveys derivation in fifteen language families that are widely dispersed in terms of both geographical location and typological characteristics.

Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the WorldConcise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World



A grammar of Wambaya (Northern Territory, Australia). ... All the neighboring languages belong to the PamaNyungan family: Ngumbin-Yapa subgroup (Warlpiri, Ngardi, Jaru, Nyininy, Gurindji, Mudburra, Warlmanpa), Warumungu, Western Desert ...

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080877754

Category:

Page: 1320

View: 540

Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World is an authoritative single-volume reference resource comprehensively describing the major languages and language families of the world. It will provide full descriptions of the phonology, semantics, morphology, and syntax of the world’s major languages, giving insights into their structure, history and development, sounds, meaning, structure, and language family, thereby both highlighting their diversity for comparative study, and contextualizing them according to their genetic relationships and regional distribution. Based on the highly acclaimed and award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, this volume will provide an edited collection of almost 400 articles throughout which a representative subset of the world's major languages are unfolded and explained in up-to-date terminology and authoritative interpretation, by the leading scholars in linguistics. In highlighting the diversity of the world’s languages — from the thriving to the endangered and extinct — this work will be the first point of call to any language expert interested in this huge area. No other single volume will match the extent of language coverage or the authority of the contributors of Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. * Extraordinary breadth of coverage: a comprehensive selection of just under 400 articles covering the world's major languages, language families, and classification structures, issues and disputes * Peerless quality: based on 20 years of academic development on two editions of the leading reference resource in linguistics, Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics * Unique authorship: 350 of the world's leading experts brought together for one purpose * Exceptional editorial selection, review and validation process: Keith Brown and Sarah Ogilvie act as first-tier guarantors for article quality and coverage * Compact and affordable: one-volume format makes this suitable for personal study at any institution interested in areal, descriptive, or comparative language study - and at a fraction of the cost of the full encyclopedia