The second half of the nineteenth century was an exciting time in European intellectual and social history.
The second half of the nineteenth century was an exciting time in European intellectual and social history. The period saw the growth of revolutionary activism, the rise of Darwinian evolu tionary biology, the emergence of women's rights movements, and other challenges to established ways of thinking. Progress and change were the key words of the day, and most members of the educated classes felt confident that the future would be bright. In Russia especially, the "intelligentsia" (an amorphous, pe culiarly Russian class of professors, writers, and thinkers) had the feeling that they were on the threshold of a great new age. Russia's ignominious defeat in the Crimean War in 1856 sig naled to many that wide-ranging political and social reforms were urgently needed. Most of the intelligentsia hoped that the defeat would be followed by the emancipation of the serfs, modernization of education, moves toward the equality of women, and other reforms. It was in this period that the Russian intelligentsia developed into an influential social group that concerned itself with much more than just cogitation and empty philosophizing. During the second half of the nineteenth century, Russian intellectuals increasingly assumed burdens that their counterparts in other European countries considered outside their province. The in telligentsia became the source of most political and social activ ism in Russia, the social conscience and often the sole voice of protest against autocratic and reactionary policies.
To inaugurate a new series, Lives of Women in Science, Rutgers University Press is reissuing this much-acclaimed biography of Sofia Kovalevskaia, the renowned nineteenth-century mathematician, writer, and revolutionary.
Author: Ann Hibner Koblitz
To inaugurate a new series, Lives of Women in Science, Rutgers University Press is reissuing this much-acclaimed biography of Sofia Kovalevskaia, the renowned nineteenth-century mathematician, writer, and revolutionary. Sofia Kovalevskaia's interest in mathematics was roused at an early age--her attic nursery had been wallpapered with lecture notes for a course on calculus. She spent hours studying the mysterious walls, trying to figure out which page followed from the next. Kovalevskaia (1850-1891) became the only woman mathematician whose name all mathematicians recognize, thanks to her contributions to mathematical analysis. Indeed, she was the first professional woman scientist to win international eminence in any field: the first woman doctorate in mathematics, the first to hold a chair in mathematics, the first to sit on the editorial board of a major scientific journal. She was also an accomplished writer, a proponent of women's rights and education, a wife and mother in an unconventional marriage, and a champion of radical political causes in Russia and Western Europe--a friend and correspondent of Dostoyevsky, Chekhov, George Eliot, Kropotkin, Helmholtz, and Darwin. This sympathetic portrait of a remarkable woman will appeal to any reader, non-mathematicians and mathematicians alike.
Facilitating Transdisciplinary Integration of Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Engineering, and Beyond National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Committee on Key Challenge Areas for ...
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
Convergence of the life sciences with fields including physical, chemical, mathematical, computational, engineering, and social sciences is a key strategy to tackle complex challenges and achieve new and innovative solutions. However, institutions face a lack of guidance on how to establish effective programs, what challenges they are likely to encounter, and what strategies other organizations have used to address the issues that arise. This advice is needed to harness the excitement generated by the concept of convergence and channel it into the policies, structures, and networks that will enable it to realize its goals. Convergence investigates examples of organizations that have established mechanisms to support convergent research. This report discusses details of current programs, how organizations have chosen to measure success, and what has worked and not worked in varied settings. The report summarizes the lessons learned and provides organizations with strategies to tackle practical needs and implementation challenges in areas such as infrastructure, student education and training, faculty advancement, and inter-institutional partnerships.
A Convergence of Lives: Sofia Kovalevskaia, Scientist, Writer, Revolutionary (Boston: Birkhauser, 1983). Kohlstedt, Sally, and Helen Longino. “The Women, Gender, and Science Question: What Do Research on Women in Science and Research on ...
Author: Marianne Gosztonyi Ainley
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
The nearly forgotten history and complex career paths of the first Canadian women scientists.
The Convergence Project ... The experience of life flashing before your eyes just before death is a process called activeretrieval where memories are being recalled and livedoutagainin themind. As the amount of time before death ...
Author: Mike French
Publisher: Elsewhen Press
The Convergence Project is a covert military/governmental science project that uses prisoners on death row to explore what happens to people as they die. The experience of life flashing before your eyes just before death is a process called active retrieval where memories are being recalled and lived out again in the mind. As the amount of time before death decreases, the brain exponentially increases the speed of playback and starts looping: repeating over and over a lifetime’s worth of memories. Each playback makes the memories stronger and retains more detail. Eventually an infinite playback speed is reached forming a memory singularity called a Convergence Point, where the ‘moment’ lasts for ever and the person effectively enters an afterlife of their own making. Subjects are killed by lethal injection within an enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging Core, which brings on active retrieval and allows the brain activity to be imaged moments before the Convergence Point forms. The ‘near’ Convergence Points are downloaded into neutral clones who effectively decode the brain patterns back into memories. These Convergence Clones are subjected to psychoanalysis to try to gain an understanding of the death experience. The project has the added bonus of extracting information held deep in the subconscious of terrorists by using Convergence on them and then interrogating their Convergence Clone, which is recycled after use and reformed.
Construct validity can be assessed using convergent validity and discriminant validity. Convergent validity is defined as the degree to which the measurement items are related to the construct they are theoretically predicted to be.
Author: Michael J. Shaw
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Workshop on E-Business (WEB 2011), held in Shanghai, China, on December 4, 2011. The 40 papers, which were selected from 88 submissions to the workshop, touch on topics that are diverse yet highly relevant to the challenges faced by today's e-business researchers and practitioners. They are organized in topical sections on social networks, business intelligence, and social computing; economics and organizational implications of electronic markets; and e-business systems and applications.
Sinnott (1982, 1984) and Gutmann (1975, 1977, 1987), for instance, theorized a convergence of conventional masculinity and femininity in late life. This pattern of gender convergence in older men's and women's lifestyles and ...
Author: Edward H. Thompson
In this multidisciplinary portrait of men and their concerns in later life, the contributors use both a life course and gendered perspective to point out that the image and self-image of men are continually reconstructed throughout the life cycle. Issues examined include: the position of older men in society and the changes wrought in their status and roles over time; men's relationships to spouse, children, grandchildren and friends; and policy implications.
Neuro-based Life Sciences Convergence Neuroscience s ec neics e fil e ht n i s sergorP Engineering and Physical Sciences Progress in engineering and the physical sciences Figure 5.1 Quadrant model of convergence neuroscience as an ...
Author: Harris A. Eyre
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Modern mental health issues are characterized by their complex, multi-systemic nature and broad societal impact, making them poorly suited to siloed approaches of thinking and innovation. Convergence science integrates knowledge, tools, and thought strategies from various fields and is the focal point where novel insights arise. Convergence Mental Health presents a blueprint for leveraging convergence science within the context of mental health in order to improve patient outcomes and health care systems.
In putting this collection together I have tried to tell the story of my academic life highlighting the challenges and the collaborations as well as showing the steady evolution of my thinking. I have written about a number of diverse ...
Author: Justin Dillon
In the World Library of Educationalists, international scholars themselves compile career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces—extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, major theoretical and/practical contributions—so the world can read them in a single manageable volume. Readers thus are able to follow the themes and strands of their work and see their contribution to the development of a field, as well as the development of the field itself. Internationally recognized for his research on environmental education, science engagement, learning outside the classroom, and teacher identity and development, in this volume Justin Dillon brings together a thoughtfully crafted selection of his writing representing key aspects of his life and work leading to his current thinking on the need for a convergence of science and environmental education. The chapters are organized around 7 themes: On Habitus; On methodological issues; Developing theories of learning, identity and culture; Challenges and opportunities—science, the environment and the outdoors; Classroom issues—the emergence of Science|Environment|Health; Science engagement and communication; Science, environment and sustainability.
In our year-by-year calculations of expected lifetime labor attachment and earnings for young persons starting out on their work lives, these indicate again convergence by gender in worklife patterns but less convergence in recent years ...
Author: Solomon W. Polachek
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
This volume contains new and innovative research articles on issues related to gender convergence in the labor market. Topics include patterns in lifetime work, earnings and human capital investment, the gender wage gap, gender complementarities, career progression, the gender composition of top management and the role of parental leave policies.