50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know



In a series of accessible and engaging essays, 50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know introduces and explains the problems of knowledge, consciousness, identity, ethics, belief, justice and aesthetics that have troubled the minds of ...

Author: Ben Dupre

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780857383969

Category:

Page: 208

View: 481

Have you ever lain awake at night fretting over how we can be sure of the reality of the external world? Perhaps we are in fact disembodied brains, floating in vats at the whim of some deranged puppet-master? If so, you are not alone - and what's more, you are in exalted company. For this question and others like it have been the stuff of philosophical rumination for centuries, from Plato to Popper. In a series of accessible and engaging essays, 50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know introduces and explains the problems of knowledge, consciousness, identity, ethics, belief, justice and aesthetics that have troubled the minds of great thinkers for centuries, from the ancient Greeks to the present day. Contents include: The brain in a vat, Plato's cave, Cogito ergo sum, The mind-body problem, The boo/hurrah theory, Ends and means, The categorical imperative, Acts and omissions, The rights of animals, The gambler's fallacy, Paradigm shifts, Occam's razor, Positive and negative freedom, Theories of punishment and Just war.

50 Ethics Ideas You Really Need to Know50 Ethics Ideas You Really Need to Know



Covering essential ethical concepts, including relativism, the golden rule and utilitarianism, as well as high-profile issues such as terrorism, censorship and the death penalty, 50 Ethics Ideas You Really Need to Know will lead you through ...

Author: Ben Dupre

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781848662988

Category:

Page: 208

View: 946

Questions of ethics - about how we should act, our responsibilities to one another, the difference between right and wrong - have long been debated by philosophers the world over and form the foundations of government, culture and religion. Here, in concise, easy-to-read chapters, Ben Dupré explains the fundamentals of this discipline and how it is relevant to our lives today. Covering essential ethical concepts, including relativism, the golden rule and utilitarianism, as well as high-profile issues such as terrorism, censorship and the death penalty, 50 Ethics Ideas You Really Need to Know will lead you through the moral maze - and rattle your conscience in the process.

50 Big Ideas You Really Need to Know50 Big Ideas You Really Need to Know



50 Big Ideas You Really Need to Know is a concise, accessible and popular guide to the central tenets of Western thought.

Author: Ben Dupre

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781849165600

Category:

Page: 208

View: 534

50 Big Ideas You Really Need to Know is a concise, accessible and popular guide to the central tenets of Western thought. Every important principle of philosophy, religion, politics, economics, the arts and the sciences is profiled in a series of short illustrated essays, complemented by an informative array of timelines and box features.

50 Political Ideas You Really Need to Know50 Political Ideas You Really Need to Know



In 50 Political Ideas You Really Need to Know, Ben Dupré provides a clear, concise account of key concepts that we ignore at our peril.

Author: Ben Dupre

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781849165693

Category:

Page: 208

View: 920

At a time of widespread popular cynicism and profound international unease, the need for clarity over the basic concepts of politics has never been greater. The forces of Fundamentalism endanger our Liberty and Security, while government responses to it may pose a basic threat to Justice, Democracy and Human rights. Corruption, War and Tyranny arouse public indignation which is often inflamed by Propaganda, the blandishments of Political parties and the far-from-disinterested attentions of the Media. The proper limits of the State; the legitimacy of Revolution and Political violence; the ideological tensions between Socialism, Liberalism and Capitalism; the challenges posed by Poverty, Crime and Racism: these and other ideas are essential in interpreting the current political debate and modes of government. In 50 Political Ideas You Really Need to Know, Ben Dupré provides a clear, concise account of key concepts that we ignore at our peril.

50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know



In straightforward and accessible terms, 50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know explains the key philosophical questions that continue to lie at the heart of the nature and practice of science today.

Author: Gareth Southwell

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781782061427

Category:

Page: 208

View: 482

Science first began as a branch of philosophy, but it has since grown up and moved out of the family home, and its successes have put its parent in the shade. Thanks to scientific knowledge we have walked on the Moon, cured once-fatal illnesses, and even identified the very building blocks of life and the universe. But it is these very successes that underline the need for philosophy. How much should we trust the pronouncements of scientists that we read in the media? What are the ethical implications of our delving into the foundations of our DNA, reproductive treatments, or artificially prolonging life? And are there limits to what science can tell us about the world we think we know? In straightforward and accessible terms, 50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know explains the key philosophical questions that continue to lie at the heart of the nature and practice of science today. The ideas explored include: Appearance and reality; Knowledge; Anti-realism; Metaphysics; Science and gender; Phenomenology and science.

50 Human Brain Ideas You Really Need to Know50 Human Brain Ideas You Really Need to Know



Outlining both long-standing theories - such as the function of neurons and synaptic transmission - and cutting-edge ideas - including neuroethics and brain-computer interfacing - with straightforward narrative and clear two-colour ...

Author: Moheb Costandi

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781782062523

Category:

Page: 208

View: 137

Neuroscience is one of the most fascinating and complex areas of scientific research, with new advances being made every day. In 50 Human Brain Ideas You Really Need to Know, Mo Costandi condenses all we know about the brain and how it works into series of introductions to the most important concepts. Outlining both long-standing theories - such as the function of neurons and synaptic transmission - and cutting-edge ideas - including neuroethics and brain-computer interfacing - with straightforward narrative and clear two-colour illustrations, this book is a perfect beginner's guide to the most powerful and mysterious organ in the body. The ideas explored include: The nervous impulse; Differences between the male and female brain; The root of addiction; Neurobiological basis for personality; The relationship between sleep and memory.

50 Quantum Physics Ideas You Really Need to Know50 Quantum Physics Ideas You Really Need to Know



With informative two-colour illustrations alongside key ideas in straightforward, bite-sized chunks, this book will teach you everything you need to know about quantum physics - and challenge the way you understand the world.

Author: Joanne Baker

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781782062530

Category:

Page: 208

View: 538

A guide to everything you need and want to know about quantum physics, how our universe works and our existence in it. Quantum physics is the most cutting-edge, important and fascinating area of modern science. We have all heard of Einstein's theory of relativity and Schrodinger's Cat - but do we really understand the mind-bending theories of our universe? In 50 concise chapters, Joanne Baker covers the foundation concepts of quantum physics and moves on to present clear explanations of complex theories and their advanced applications - from string theory to black holes, and quarks to quantum computing. With informative two-colour illustrations alongside key ideas in straightforward, bite-sized chunks, this book will teach you everything you need to know about quantum physics - and challenge the way you understand the world. The ideas explored include: Theory of relativity; Schrödinger's cat; Nuclear forces: fission and fusion; Antimatter; Superconductivity.

Know Thyself My Homage to MontaigneKnow Thyself My Homage to Montaigne



It was The Consolations of Philosophy by Alain de Botton: an absolutely ... DeWitt Hyde and Ben Dupré's 50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know).

Author: B. H. Boye

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 9780244323417

Category:

Page:

View: 615

In a nutshell, this piece of work is a collection of loosely related online blog posts, written by a madman, without much finesse, afterthought or meticulous editing at all. I write about my biggest personality flaws and worst fears, about human hypocrisy and animal rights, about sexual morality and hedonism, about happiness, love/hate and forgiveness, about the so-called “free-will” debate, about my relationships, about my friends and family... and much, much more. But throughout it all I reflect upon the magnificent works of my unrivalled hero Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, whose hefty book I was reading at the same time as I was writing these words of my own.

A History of the BrainA History of the Brain



Southwell, G. (2013) 50 Philosophy of Science Ideas You Really Need to Know. ... behavior, and the mind: what do we know and what can we know?

Author: Andrew P. Wickens

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317744832

Category:

Page: 390

View: 487

A History of the Brain tells the full story of neuroscience, from antiquity to the present day. It describes how we have come to understand the biological nature of the brain, beginning in prehistoric times, and progressing to the twentieth century with the development of Modern Neuroscience. This is the first time a history of the brain has been written in a narrative way, emphasizing how our understanding of the brain and nervous system has developed over time, with the development of the disciplines of anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, psychology and neurosurgery. The book covers: beliefs about the brain in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome the Medieval period, Renaissance and Enlightenment the nineteenth century the most important advances in the twentieth century and future directions in neuroscience. The discoveries leading to the development of modern neuroscience gave rise to one of the most exciting and fascinating stories in the whole of science. Written for readers with no prior knowledge of the brain or history, the book will delight students, and will also be of great interest to researchers and lecturers with an interest in understanding how we have arrived at our present knowledge of the brain.

What Would Marx Do What Would Marx Do



When it comes to the really important questions, who better to ask than the greatest political minds in history, with What Would Marx Do? Using 40 everyday questions and problems as springboards for exploring the great political questions ...

Author: Gareth Southwell

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781788400350

Category:

Page: 192

View: 597

Have you ever wondered what Kant might have to say about your addiction to social media? Or whether Plato would be able to help resolve your constant arguments about what to watch on TV? Or if Hobbes would agree to feed your pet hamster while you're away on holiday? When it comes to the really important questions, who better to ask than the greatest political minds in history, with What Would Marx Do? Using 40 everyday questions and problems as springboards for exploring the great political questions of our time, this book will give you a crash course in political philosophy, and an introduction to the theories and ideas of the greatest political philosophers of all time. Includes questions such as: -Should I bother to vote? -Who should look after the baby? -Do you earn enough? -My car has just been stolen! But can I hold the thieves responsible? -Should I watch what I say on Twitter? -Should your children benefit from your success? -Is it wrong to want a bigger house? With quirky illustrations and intriguing and original takes on the biggest (and smallest) everyday questions, What Would Marx Do? is guaranteed to leave you with a better grasp on political philosophy, and able to discuss Marxism, Libertarian Socialism and Populism with ease.

Get Smart PhilosophyGet Smart Philosophy



And what do the great philosophers tell us about knowledge and truth, good and evil? Take Get Smart: Philosophy and learn to think and talk like history's greatest philosophical minds.

Author: Marcus Weeks

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781786485885

Category:

Page: 216

View: 943

Can you master the ideas of Plato, Kant, Nietzsche and Sartre? What does 'I think, therefore I am' really mean? Do you know the arguments for and against the existence of god? And what do the great philosophers tell us about knowledge and truth, good and evil? Take Get Smart: Philosophy and learn to think and talk like history's greatest philosophical minds. Packed with bite-sized briefings, shortcuts and bluffs, Get Smart: Philosophy demystifies 50 key philosophical concepts and provides you with all you need to speak out about the very biggest ideas, including: The nature of reality; Free will; Ethics; Philosophy of the mind; Justice and liberty; Relativism; Utilitarianism; Capitalism and democracy; Paradoxes and fallacies; The Social Contract; Existentialism; Metaphysics; Chinese philosophy; Beauty and art; Artificial intelligence; Human rights; Analytic, Linguistic and Continental philosophy . . . and many more.

The Big Questions MathematicsThe Big Questions Mathematics



The Big Questions series is designed to let renowned experts address the 20 most fundamental and frequently asked questions of a major branch of science or philosophy.

Author: Tony Crilly

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781849166102

Category:

Page: 208

View: 620

The Big Questions series is designed to let renowned experts address the 20 most fundamental and frequently asked questions of a major branch of science or philosophy. Each 3000-word essay simply and concisely examines a question that has eternally perplexed enquiring minds, and provides answers from history's great thinkers. This ambitious project is a unique distillation of humanity's best ideas. In Big Questions: Mathematics, Tony Crilly answers the 20 key questions: What is maths for? Where do numbers come from? Why are primes the atoms of maths? What are the strangest numbers? Are imaginary numbers real? How big is infinity? Where do parallel lines meet? What is the maths of the universe? Are statistics lies? Can maths guarantee riches? Is there a formula for everything? Why are three dimensions not enough? Can a butterfly's wings really cause a hurricane? Can we create an unbreakable code? Is maths beauty? Can maths predict the future? What shape is the universe? What is symmetry? Is maths true? Is there anything left to solve?

NeuroplasticityNeuroplasticity



In this book, Moheb Costandi offers a concise and engaging overview of neuroplasticity for the general reader, describing how our brains change continuously in response to our actions and experiences.

Author: Moheb Costandi

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262337076

Category:

Page: 192

View: 892

The real story of how our brains and nervous systems change throughout our lifetimes—with or without “brain training.” Fifty years ago, neuroscientists thought that a mature brain was fixed like a fly in amber, unable to change. Today, we know that our brains and nervous systems change throughout our lifetimes. This concept of neuroplasticity has captured the imagination of a public eager for self-improvement—and has inspired countless Internet entrepreneurs who peddle dubious “brain training” games and apps. In this book, Moheb Costandi offers a concise and engaging overview of neuroplasticity for the general reader, describing how our brains change continuously in response to our actions and experiences. Costandi discusses key experimental findings, and describes how our thinking about the brain has evolved over time. He explains how the brain changes during development, and the “synaptic pruning” that takes place before brain maturity. He shows that adult brains can grow new cells (citing, among many other studies, research showing that sexually mature male canaries learn a new song every year). He describes the kind of brain training that can bring about improvement in brain function. It's not gadgets and games that promise to “rewire your brain” but such sustained cognitive tasks as learning a musical instrument or a new language. (Costandi also notes that London cabbies increase their gray matter after rigorous training in their city's complicated streets.) He tells how brains compensate after stroke or injury; describes addiction and pain as maladaptive forms of neuroplasticity; and considers brain changes that accompany childhood, adolescence, parenthood, and aging. Each of our brains is custom-built. Neuroplasticity is at the heart of what makes us human.

50 Digital Ideas You Really Need to Know50 Digital Ideas You Really Need to Know



Not quite clear on crowd-sourcing and culture jamming? Then this book is for you. In a series of accessible and engagingly written essays, this book introduces and explains all the key aspects of the digital world and how it works.

Author: Tom Chatfield

Publisher: Quercus

ISBN: 1848661339

Category:

Page: 208

View: 380

Have you ever wondered what the difference is between a MUD and an API? Don’t know your OCR from your PPC? Not quite clear on crowd-sourcing and culture jamming? Then this book is for you. In a series of accessible and engagingly written essays, this book introduces and explains all the key aspects of the digital world and how it works. It is a book that will be welcomed by anyone who wants to understand one of the most powerful forces shaping our world.

Everything You Need to Know about PhilosophyEverything You Need to Know about Philosophy



making sense of , 40 rationalists mistrustful of , 39 reality of , 113 as source of ideas , 41 Experience and Nature ( Dewey ) , 27 , 115 Experimental ...

Author: Stephen Herman

Publisher:

ISBN: 0671534882

Category:

Page: 133

View: 516

From the five branches of philosophy to the 20th century's three philosophic schools, this compendium explains Kant, questions Socrates, and picks Locke's brain.

FREE Icon Books eBook SamplerFREE Icon Books eBook Sampler



From Proust and the Squid, a fascinating exploration of the science of the reading brain – ‘We were never born to read,’ begins Maryanne Wolf – to Greg Grandin’s Fordlandia, the riveting story of the American town Henry Ford tried ...

Author: Jim Baggott

Publisher: Icon Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781848316393

Category:

Page: 225

View: 829

Icon Books is an independent British publisher which publishes popular and engaging non-fiction for adults. We’re proud to be part of the Independent Alliance in the UK, publishing companies who share a common vision of editorial excellence and original, diverse publishing. This ebook sampler – available free on Kindle, in EPUB and as a PDF download from our website – covers subjects from popular science to sports biography to philosophy. The sampler includes extracts from: Atomic by Jim Baggott; Crashed & Byrned by Tommy Byrne; Fordlandia by Greg Grandin; God’s Philosophers by James Hannam; The Lives and Times of the Great Composers by Michael Steen; Love, Sex, Death and Words by John Sutherland and Stephen Fender; A Mind of Its Own by Cordelia Fine; Proust and the Squid by Maryanne Woolf; Quantum by Manjit Kumar; Sex, Botany and Empire by Patricia Fara; The Real Oliver Twist and A Time to Dance, A Time to Die by John Waller. From Proust and the Squid, a fascinating exploration of the science of the reading brain – ‘We were never born to read,’ begins Maryanne Wolf – to Greg Grandin’s Fordlandia, the riveting story of the American town Henry Ford tried to build in the Brazilian Amazon and Manjit Kumar’s BBC Samuel Johnson prizewinning Quantum, these books represent the best of over 20 years of non‐fiction publishing from Icon Books.

MathematicsMathematics



The Big Questions series is designed to let renowned experts address the 20 most fundamental and frequently asked questions of a major branch of science or philosophy.

Author: A. J. Crilly

Publisher: Quercus Books

ISBN: 1849162409

Category:

Page: 208

View: 710

The Big Questions series is designed to let renowned experts address the 20 most fundamental and frequently asked questions of a major branch of science or philosophy. Each 3000-word essay simply and concisely examines a question that has eternally perplexed enquiring minds, and provides answers from history's great thinkers. This ambitious project is a unique distillation of humanity's best ideas. In Big Questions: Mathematics, Tony Crilly answers the 20 key questions: What is maths for? Where do numbers come from? Why are primes the atoms of maths? What are the strangest numbers? Are imaginary numbers real? How big is infinity? Where do parallel lines meet? What is the maths of the universe? Are statistics lies? Can maths guarantee riches? Is there a formula for everything? Why are three dimensions not enough? Can a butterfly's wings really cause a hurricane? Can we create an unbreakable code? Is maths beauty? Can maths predict the future? What shape is the universe? What is symmetry? Is maths true? Is there anything left to solve?